12 Steps of Swimming Pool Construction Process
Step 1 – Swimming Pool Pre Construction Meeting
- Initial meeting on-site: This is the most important step, heavy machinery access disused, HOA, local city permitting, underground utility locations, sprinkler systems.
- Create Custom 3d Pool design
Step 2 – Swimming Pool Layout Meeting
- The preconstruction step includes finalizing the Pool design, securing the
Swimming pool building permit, and making sure the site has been properly prepared.
- Paint and stake the pool in accordance with the dimensions on the technical plan.
Step 3 – Pool Excavation
- Remove fence when necessary
- Remove concrete walks and patios if called for in the contract.
- Set the pool beam elevation and grade with a transit.
- Lay out the pool in accordance with the dimensions on the technical plan.
- Excavate pool and remove soil from job-site.
- Hand shape skimmers, lights, steps, loveseats, and benches.
- Hand carve bowl and break.
- Final trim and finish work.
- Unless provided for in the contract moving or repairing underground utilities or sprinkler systems is the
- homeowner’s responsibility.
Step 4 – Pool Plumbing
The two basic functions of swimming pool plumbing are to circulate and filter the water. The pool plumbing system in a swimming pool is self-contained and under normal operation does not need city water (except to fill the pool) or the sanitary sewer system (except for backwash).
Skimmers: Skim the pool surface of the water and remove floating debris. The size and design of the pool will dictate the number of skimmers needed.
- Minimum of (1) skimmers in each pool
- Plumbed and valved separately using 2″ PVC.
Main Drains: Draw water from the floor of the pool for circulation
- Divided into (2) openings with anti-vortex covers for safety as required by city codes
- Plumbed and valved separately using 2″ PVC.
Returns : Returns water back to the pool from equipment and push debris toward the skimmers.
- Minimum of (5) returns in each pool
- Plumbed using 1&1/2″ PVC.
Step 5 – Steel
Steel rebar is 40-A615, in accordance with Texas steel grading system.
- Steel reinforcing bars, (rebar), are placed on 8″-10″ centers each way through vertical walls and floor of the pool and 5″ centers in transitional areas and stress points.
- “Box Beam” construction using four bars of rebar 1/2″ in diameter.
- Steel is secured by sixteen gauge ties.
Step 6 – Gunite
During the Gunite process pool depths, pool elevations and pool dimensions are set. Also pool benches and steps are hand shaped and formed.
- Pool light niches and electrical conduit are installed.
- Gunite will be 8″ to 10″ thick at walls and floor of the pool, 10″ to 12″ thick at transitional areas, (stress points), and 12″ to 14″ thick at the bond beam.
- Broom finishing the Gunite creates a rough texture allowing the maximum adherence of plaster.
- Equipment pad is installed (in most cases).
- Homeowner should water the Gunite shell at least twice a day for seven days. This allows the Gunite to cure properly.
Step 7 – Tile and Coping
- We ask that you make your selection as soon as possible. We will guide you through this process and bring you to the local tile showrooms and rock yards to ensure your material is the best quantity and exactly your style.
- Special grout and mortar mixtures are used to prevent water from seeping through and eroding it’s base.
Step 8 -Pool Electrical & Equipment set
- 1. 120 volt GFCI protection is installed on all pool lights.
- Brass conduit is used on all pool light fixtures.
- A freeze protection device is installed on all pool pumps and filters for added protection against cold weather.
- Light switches are placed near the back door of the house whenever possible.
- The pool equipment is placed on a separate circuit to avoid an overload on any existing household circuit.
- All metal within five feet of the water’s edge will be bonded (grounded).
Step 9 – Swimming Pool Decking
The concrete swimming pool deck is poured around the pool after tile, stone, coping or brickwork is done. Decking usually takes three days to place. The first day, the area to be decked is formed. The second day an electrical bond inspection is performed by the respective city or county and the deck is poured on the third day in most cases.
- 4″ concrete thickness.
- 6″-8″ cushion sand.
- 3/8″ steel rebar 17″ o.c.e.w.
- Includes 4″ PVC drains and tie-in downspouts in pool area.
Step 10 – Plaster
Important! A newly plastered pool cures in 10 – 14 days. Landscape debris and dirt that comes into contact with the plaster can leave a stain.
- The interior of the pool is washed to remove all debris.
- All pool fittings are installed.
- Pool and Spa Light lenses are cleaned.
- Tile is cleaned.
- Pool is plastered and hand troweled with two coats of smooth marble finish.
Step 11- Pool Start-up
- After the pool is filled with water start up chemicals are added.
- Pool deck is acid washed.
- Mastic is installed between the coping and the decking.
- Pool and Spa plumbing is labeled.
- Pool maintenance equipment is delivered and cleaning system is installed.
- The customer is walked through and trained on operation of all swimming pool equipment.
Step 12- Swim!
Enjoy your new custom swimming pool! It’s time to enjoy your new backyard oasis.